Insulating the basement of your home is necessary to keep the temperature regulated while reducing moisture and mould from entering. An uninsulated basement can cause several problems in your property. First, colder basements are responsible for up to 20 to 30 percent of your home’s heat loss during cold months.
Frozen pipes also become a serious issue during the winter. Your home will suffer great damage if the pipes rupture. Additionally, mould formation from moisture build-up in the basement is another serious issue. Black mould can cause serious health problems, mainly targeting the respiratory system. To prevent moisture and mould buildup, cracks and leaks must be properly sealed and insulated.
Types of Basements
Basements were once never considered part of the living area of your home. They were primarily used for storing materials and food. However, older basements are not made the same as new basements. Newly constructed homes use pressurized wood and polyurethane insulating blocks. Older homes have basements made primarily of rubble, brick, concrete blocks, or poured concrete slabs. It’s important to know this information because your basement’s age determines the technique used to insulate it.
Basement Insulation Techniques
There are different types of basement wall insulation techniques to protect your home. The type of insulation used will be based, in part, on the type of basement you have and how old your home is. Different techniques will be needed to insulate an older basement than a newly constructed basement. Basements over 20 years old will probably need some repair work done first to fix leaks or cracks. Basement wall insulation techniques can be done inside or outside of the home.
Outside Basement Insulation
Adding insulation to the outside of your home is best but it is also more expensive and time-consuming because the dirt surrounding the basement must be excavated first. Flashing, insulation, and a vapour barrier are applied to the outside of the basement walls. Exterior insulation prevents moisture from getting inside the home. Nevertheless, if you are planning to add insulation to the outside of your home, consult with a professional first.
Inside Basement Insulating
There are several insulation techniques that can be done inside the home. Choosing the right insulation type depends on the type of basement you have.
1. Soft and Foam Insulation Panels
Insulating your basement with rigid foam or soft insulation panels is easy and cost-effective. With this technique, you must use a vapour barrier to cover the insulation and prevent mould from forming.
2. Foam Insulation
Foam insulation can adhere to concrete. It is a great insulation product to cover joists and seal cracks and crevices. It is a good finishing insulation on newer homes.
3. Fibreglass and Wool Insulating Blankets
Insulation blankets are lightweight, flexible, water and heat resistant. Fiberglass is easy to apply to walls, pipes, water tanks, furnaces, and venting. Wool insulation is also fantastic for basements because it is soundproof.
Invest in Professional Basement Insulation
Insulating your basement walls, floor, and ceiling adds to its overall functionality. It’s essential for protecting your whole house from cold air and mould. Furthermore, a well-insulated basement will save up to 30 percent of your heating bill. Reach out to a basement expert to learn about proper insulation for your basement.